South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, Vol 14, No 4 (2011)

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Innovation outcomes of South African new technology-based firms: a contribution to the debate on the performance of science park firms

Kai-Ying Alice Chan, Leon Oerlemans, Thinus Pretorius

Abstract


Science parks are often established to drive regional economic growth, especially in countries with emerging economies. However, mixed findings regarding the performances of science park firms are found in the literature. This study tries to explain these mixed findings by taking a relational approach and exploring (un)intended knowledge transfers between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) in the emerging South African economy. Moreover, the innovation outcomes of these NTBFs are examined by using a multi-dimensional construct. Results show that science park location plays a significant role in explaining innovative sales, but is insignificant when a different indicator of innovation outcomes is used. Furthermore, only for innovations that are new to the firms, both science park location and intended knowledge transfer via informal business relationships have a positive impact; whereas social relationships have a negative impact.


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EISSN 2222-3436 (Online)